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Mughal Architecture: A Free PDF Guide to the Splendid Monuments of India



# Outline of the article Heading Subheading Content --- --- --- Introduction What is Mughal architecture? A brief overview of the definition, origin, and features of Mughal architecture The Early Mughal Period Humayun's Tomb The first example of Mughal architecture in India, influenced by Persian style Agra Fort The first major fort built by Akbar, with red sandstone and post-and-lintel construction Fatehpur Sikri The new capital city founded by Akbar, with a blend of Persian, Indian, and Islamic elements Tomb of Salim Chishti A white marble mausoleum within Fatehpur Sikri, dedicated to a Sufi saint The Golden Age of Mughal Architecture Taj Mahal The most famous and iconic monument of Mughal architecture, built by Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal Red Fort The palace-fortress complex in Delhi, built by Shah Jahan as his new capital, with a mix of red sandstone and white marble Jama Masjid The largest mosque in India, built by Shah Jahan outside the Red Fort, with three domes and two minarets Shalimar Gardens The royal gardens in Lahore, built by Shah Jahan for his wife Nur Jahan, with fountains, pavilions, and terraces The Decline of Mughal Architecture Badshahi Mosque The largest mosque in the world at the time, built by Aurangzeb in Lahore, with a massive courtyard and four minarets Bibi ka Maqbara A tomb in Aurangabad, built by Aurangzeb for his wife Dilras Banu Begum, resembling the Taj Mahal Lalbagh Fort A fort in Dhaka, built by Muhammad Azam Shah, the son of Aurangzeb, with three gates and a mosque Conclusion Summary and significance of Mughal architecture A brief recap of the main points and the legacy of Mughal architecture in India and beyond FAQs Five common questions abou